Look for bright spots of success and hope among your market audience, and you may find your next big idea. Here are lessons from a story about how one underfunded aid worker used turning bright spots into products and services to change a nation.
A bright spot is a small but smashingly successful, homegrown tool or approach for solving a problem. If you work for a medical nonprofit, maybe your bright spot is that one doctor whose patients always get better faster. If you work at a think tank, maybe it’s the research team who consistently generates the most measurable impact with their work. For those working in city government, maybe it’s that one community center that’s far more vibrant than expected for its budget or ZIP code.
A Bright Spot in Vietnam
In Switch, Chip and Dan Heath give a great example of designing a bright spot product or service. In 1990, Jerry Sternin arrived in Vietnam with the assignment to improve child nutrition in six months. Conventional development wisdom said that child malnutrition resulted from a complex web of poverty, ignorance, and bad infrastructure.
There was no way Sternin could change poverty, ignorance, and infrastructure across the country in six months. He had no language skills, no team, and little budget.
Instead of tackling these national-scale problems, he went into the field to discover if there were any healthy, or at least healthy-er, kids in the villages.
He trained women in the villages to gather data on child health, simple statistics such as age, height, weight, and sex. In looking through this data, he found that, sure enough, some kids were doing much better than others. If some were doing better, why couldn’t all kids do better?
Diagnosing A Bright Spot
Next, Sternin and his volunteers cataloged the typical diet of village kids. They found that most parents followed conventional wisdom and fed their malnourished kids high-quality rice twice a day. If kids were sick, parents did not force them to eat.
Armed with this knowledge, the volunteers then observed how the healthier kids were fed. They found several differences with the families of healthier kids:
- Kids ate the same amount of rice, but it was spread across four meals rather than two.
- Parents mixed shrimp and crabs found in the rice paddies into kids’ rice; normally these were considered inappropriate food for kids.
- Parents added sweet potato greens into kids’ rice; normally these greens are considered “low-class” food.
- Families actively feed their kids, even when their child was sick; normally kids could choose whether and how much to eat.
Based on these discoveries, Sternin developed a way for families to learn these techniques by cooking and eating meals together. Once they mastered the techniques, they started hosting people from other villages to come and learn. This way, the new approach spread throughout the country until the program reached 2.3 million people in 265 villages. Not bad for six months of work with a little budget and no staff.
Sternin could not have developed this intervention in six months if he started at the national level, based in an office with a team of researchers and policy experts. Instead, he worked simply to identify, document, promote and distribute a bright spot approach to nutrition.
Turning Bright Spots Into Products and Services
What lessons can we learn from Jerry Sternin about turning bright spots into products and services?
- Do your market research. Sternin found his answer by gathering data in the field, among the villagers whom he hoped to serve. Sternin gathered data throughout his project, as well. First, he and his volunteers measured child health. Next, they cataloged typical child diets. Finally, they measured persistence and reach of their intervention.
- Design with, not for, your clients. If you need it, here’s another reason to design with, and not for, your clients: they may already be doing what you’re only dreaming of. Sternin’s solution was not in the scientific literature or academic courses. It was already in the hands of a few families; it just needed to be promoted and distributed.
- Design the whole solution. Sternin didn’t stop after documenting his discovery. He designed a training and distribution model that ensured his discovery was actually implemented.
Bright spots are especially helpful in times of big change when it feels like precious little of what you’re doing is working. So, instead of focusing on what’s wrong and how to fix it, ask yourself: “What’s going well and how can I do more of it?”
Do you need help finding, designing, distributing and promoting bright spot products and services? My marketing services can get your idea implemented and launched.
(Image courtesy of Pixabay, one of 29 sources for free stock photos)